Electricity is created from other forms of energy via the process of power generation. For electric utilities, it is the first process in the delivery of electricity to consumers. The other processes, such as electric power transmission and electricity distribution, are normally carried out by the electrical power industry. Electricity is most often generated at a power station by electromechanical generators, primarily driven from heat engines fueled by chemical combustion or nuclear fission, but also by other means, such as the kinetic energy of flowing water (hydropower plants) and wind (wind farms). There are many other technologies that can be and are used to generate electricity such as solar photovoltaic and geothermal power.
Power generation SBU has been established In line with SUNIR Company long-term policies to attract and build power plant projects around the world, in order to pay specific attention to this field. Power generation SBU has developed a matrix structure to increase reliability and quality of services. It includes a permanent core of qualified and experienced professionals, capable of providing over 10,000 engineering man-hours per year. Also, Enjoying its external organizational relationships with experienced companies inside and outside of Iran, POWER GENERATION SBU will participate in Joint Venture in many large power plant projects of different types. Administrative structure of Power Generation SBU consists of two independent units which are called Negotiations and Tenders. In Negotiations unit, an experienced team in both technical and legal affairs is gathered to monitor the world markets of power plant activities. Benefitting its prominent relations through its offices in several countries, this unit also provides smaller local companies with commercial services to develop their activities in abroad. In Tenders unit, an experienced team consists of qualified engineers prepare technical proposals for power plant tenders. Engineering Departments
Engineering structure of this unit is composed of eight disciplines including process, Mechanic, Piping, Electric, Instrumentation and Control, Civil and Drawing.
Major References . Construction of Al-Sadir Power Plant Project Engineering, supply of material & equipment, procurement, construction & first running in all sections of civil, mechanical, electrical works of the 2 x 157.5 MW open cycle gas turbine power station, to be located at Al-Sadir city, in Baghdad, Iraq. . EPC of the wind farm in Pushkin-Pass Study, design, supply, installation, test,and commissioning of the wind farm in Armenia. It covers the 4 turbines with the capacity of 2.6 MW in Pushkin-Pass. . Construction of 2 Small Hydro Power Plants Engineering, procurement and construction of two small hydro power plants (36 MW total) on Khubi River in Republic of Georgia.
SUNIR’s Outlook on Power Generation Having more than 51,000 MW installed Power Plant capacity, Iran enjoys a great potential for holding similar Power Plant Projects abroad. In this regard, the role of SUNIR Company, as the export wing of Energy Sector, remains second to none. SUNIR Company, being represented as General Contractor of Power Generation Projects, has the ability to handle almost all kinds of the Power Plants described in preceding paragraphs. As an example, a prominent on-going project in the rebuilding of Iraq has been the EPC Project of Al-Sadr Single Cycle Gas Power Plant on Turn-Key Basis, with a total capacity of 320 MW.
Scope of works
The main activities of the Power Generation SBU include: Engineering, Procurement, Construction and Commissioning and Rehabilitation of different types of Power Plants (Thermal, Gas, Combined Cycle, Hydropower and Wind), as well as supervision on the Execution of Power Plant Projects. The Power Generation SBU activities fall into following services:
The accelerating development of global technology has led to the emergence of the power industry as one of the important foundations of the economy. Power transmission technology is the artery of the power industry. The power transmission elements in transmission lines & substations include cables, steel towers and structures, hardware (such as clamps and warning balls), insulators, OPGW, power transformers and HV, LV, and MV elements. They are required for the transmission technology used to transfer electricity from generation centers to the end users, such as factories, offices, or homes. The followings are the main advantages of a power transmission network:
1. Avoiding local electricity generation for different zones (such as diesel generation or local power plants) and decreasing the amount of industrial pollution. 2. Increasing the reliability and stability of energy transfer. 3. Monitoring transmission line defects, maximum/minimum level of consumption, peak time, etc. in order to manage the energy market. 4. The possibility of designing a load dispatching center (LDC) for control & monitoring of the network status and implementation of Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition (SCADA)
Scope of Works Power Transmission Technology: Nowadays, international business is affected by import/export of goods and services in the global market which leads to economic improvement, investment and development and, as a result, also creates different jobs. The exporting of engineering goods and services has an important role in the global market, and the several countries’ recent efforts in exporting their own equipment and services in engineering fields is evidence of the global nature . Fortunately, the engineering services export history of the Islamic Republic of Iran indicates a good potential of knowledge in engineering activities. We have progressed especially in electricity and water technologies due to the improved management among local manufacturers as well as engineering and consultant companies in the aforesaid industries. The recent report of power transmission technology illustrates these facts about power network in I.R. Iran:
• Total length of 400 KV lines: 13000 km
• Total length of 230 KV lines: 25000 km
• Total length of 132 KV lines: 18000 km
• Total length of 36& 66 KV lines: 40000 km
Considering the above items, everybody can judge our expertise in power transmission technology and learn more about our recent developments as one of the leading countries in electrical industries. SUNIR company, as a big holding composed of the most successful companies in different sectors of the energy industries such as power, water, oil and gas has an extremely important role in equipment & engineering exportation for those industries as General Contractor of global EPC projects as well as through consulting and investment projects. As one of the active SUNIR SBUs, Power Transmission & Distribution SBU has progressed substantially in the Power Market. It improves its system to match several international competitors in power transmission tenders and projects in order to increase the export capabilities of engineering services. The wide range of services of POWER T&D SBU is as following:
1. Attendance in international tenders
2. Engineering and consulting services
3. Feasibility studies of power projects
4. Project management (in different stages of E, P and C steps)
5. Design, procurement and construction of transmission system (lines and substations)
Secoundary distribution of electricity is considered as “electrification vessel” to the consumers who are demanding more performances in terms of continuous duty, reliability and qulity of the electrical power supply. This is the area where SUNIR shines. Secondary Distribution SBU at SUNIR is strongly committed to the quality, accuracy, and reliability of its services and supplies.
Objectives • To improve quality of serveices, minimize interruptions, keep good voltage profile • To save and better control of energy • To improve efficency of operation, relabiliaty, maximize use of existing equipment, loss reduction • To provide economical solutions • System automation
Field of Activity • Rural Electrification Projects • Industrial Electrification Projects • Distribution Network Optimization Projects • Loss Reduction Projects (Technical / Non-Technical Losses) • Renovation of Distribution Networks • Lighting Projects • Smart Grids
Scope Of Works What SUNIR can offer via Secondary Distribution SBU to its clients: Power Services and Solutions Wide Range of Consultancy, Design, Execution and Management in All Aspects of LV and MV Networks (Secondary Distribution) such as:
• Feasibility study / feed
• Detail design
• At site supervision
• Installation / testing / commissioning
• Refurbishment and substation renovation Control & Automation Services and Solutions
The latest predictions about electrical energy by the International Energy Agency show that the world is facing an 8.2% annual growth in energy consumption. Therefore, all countries are in need of connecting nets and grids to deal with electrical equipments.
Main Forms of Electrical Trade The main forms of electrical trade involve either cooperation or competition. The cooperative approach involves dealing with countries affiliated with IEA . In the competitive approach, countries act as regional or other consortiums (such as based on common generating methods). We are planning to work together with countries sharing borders with Iran; in particular, countries located to the west or east of Iran on account of the lag of sunlight shift time and optimum transmission vis-à-vis peak regional delay. After entering the international electrical market , SUNIR has been expanding into different fields of trade in the region year by year. SUNIR is the first in the country and first in the region to start electrical energy trading. The department in SUNIR which is responsible for trading electrical energy is the Electricity Exchange SBU. SUNIR has allocated its expert engineers and company knowledge to this job. It has also put substantial effort into maintaining high level community relations and staying abreast of updates.
The basic activities of the Electricity Exchange SBU are shown as below: Feasibility study Site selecting Economic study Network and grid study Transmission and dealing (execution section)
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Water & Sewage SBU
Nowadays water shortages combined with the rising demand for water in domestic, agricultural and industrial use have highlighted the importance of water resource management in recent years. Technoligical knowledge of supplying water from the available sources to consumers is one of the most important issue in the world. Using its expertise and valuable experience in the planning and implementation of development of water resources and the possibility of issuing engineering services and related equipment to other countries, SUNIR Company can present the best way to resolve technical and environmental issues in accordance to the customer's and employer's needs.
Water Resources in the World
Researches indicate that about 1.4 billion cubic kilometers of water (in liquid, solid and vapor form) are available on the planet. Approximately 97.2% is saltwater (ocean water), and approximately 2.15% is in glaciers and icecaps. Just 0.65% (equivalent to 8.5 million cubic kilometers) of water remains as drinkable water, from which 0.16% is scattered as vapor in the atmosphere. Therefore, only 0.49% remains as groundwater or running in lakes, rivers and streams.
As a result, the amount of drinking water in comparison to the whole water supply on the earth seems to be a few big drops. Therefore, Engineering Companies in the water field – such as SUNIR Water SBU – share in the revival and play a key mission in most corners of the earth.
Scope of Works
SUNIR's activities in this field are mainly in three sections:
Engineering Engineering studies involving meteorology, hydrology, hydrogeology, geology, geotechnical surveys, measuring, sampling water resources and qualitative and quantitative traces are necessary for preliminary studies.
These engineering services from consultancy companies will be rendered by SUNIR group. Performance The execution of water resource development projects, like dams, hydro power and diversion dams, hydraulic and hydro-mechanical structures, and water transmission lines, tunnels, canals and pipelines, tanks, water distribution networks, sewage collection networks, water and wastewater treatment plants, irrigation and drainage networks, desalination plants, pumping stations, river engineering and environmental services.
Equipment This company supplies a wide range of goods, equipment, auxiliary and spare parts to the water industry. These items include but are not limited to pumps, electro-motors, pipes and fittings (steel, cast iron, ductile, polyethylene, PVC, GRP, concrete, etc.) control panels for pumping stations, transformers, water meters, valves, automation equipments, tele-control appliances, precision and measuring instruments, blowers, air compressors, and tanks (polyethylene, metal and cement).
The availability of hydrocarbon is vital to many industries and is of importance to the maintenance of industrialized civilization. Therefore, it is of critical concern to many nations. According to the latest studies, oil will account for a large percentage of the world's energy till 2050. The petroleum industry is involved in the global processes of exploration, extraction, refining, transportation and marketing. Hydrocarbons are also the raw material for many chemical products including plastics, pharmaceuticals, fertilizers and many more vital products. The importance of Iran in world energy is based on its ranking. It is among the top three holders of proven oil and natural gas reserves in the world. Over a century of experience in oil production, having experienced engineers and technicians and an experienced labor force have highlighted Iran above her neighbors. Iran occupies a strategic location in the north of the Persian Gulf. Its geopolitical and geostrategic position offers the safest and most economical route for transporting oil and its byproducts. Iran not only possesses a great abundance of oil but also natural gas, which has enabled this country to be an exporter of CNG to neighboring countries through a network of pipelines and also LNG to the world market. At the present time, a network of 26,000 km of pipeline in Iran can export and swap up to 2.3 billion cubic meters to Armenia, 14 billion cubic meters to Turkey, 10 billion cubic meters to Turkmenistan, and 50.5 to 402 billion cubic meters to the Republic of Azerbaijan. SUNIR, with its group’s great capabilities, can offer its expertise in design, engineering and project management for oil, gas and petrochemical projects in the form of turnkey or GC.
Scope of Works
SUNIR Group members have furnished us with the capability to contribute in projects involving:
• Design and Engineering
• Project Management SUNIR Petrochemical and Oil & gas SBU can perform repairs, maintenance, rehabilitation and construction in the following areas:
Apart from supplying resources and technical, engineering, and management expertise, SUNIR has provided the necessary basis for supporting and cooperating in equipping and supplying resources by creating the finance SBU. Supplying financial contracts through domestic resources or exchange loans is called finance. It is performed in two ways:
1. Corporate finance 2. Project finance
Financial resources are divided into two groups: 1. Loaned sources (World Bank, Islamic Development Bank, finance-credit lines) 2. Non-loaned sources, such as: • B.O.T. (Build, Operate, Transfer) • B.O.O.T. (Build, Ownership, Operate, Transfer) • B.L.T. (Build, Lease, Transfer) • B.O.O. (Build, Operate, Ownership) • B.T.O. (Build, Transfer, Operate) • D.B.F.O. (Design, Build, Finance, Operate) • M.O.O.T. (Modernize, Operate, Own, Transfer) • R.O.O. (Rehabilitate, Operate, Own) • Buy-back: In this category of contracts, the foreign investor/company accepts all investment costs (including purchase, equipment installation, operation and technology transfer) and returns them back to the host country after operation. • joint ventures: the investor and the one who accepts the investment on a joint venture basis or to establish a business company starts to create, rebuild, modernize, reform and update the business plans; the members participating in this investment will assume the responsibility to finance the whole plan. Repayment to the members of the investment will be from the profit gained from projects operation and is based on joint venture contracts or on the statute of the company. • Risk taking service contracts: a group of business methods based on which the investor guarantees to supply financial resources needed (based on the outcomes of the business plan). The investor also promises to create, develop, renovate, rebuild, reform and update the said plan. The installments will be paid back by the contractor after the operation of the plan. • Profit sharing contracts (also known as revenue sharing contracts) are predicated to business methods based on which, the investor guarantees to supply the needed financial resources based on the outcomes of the business plan. He also promises to create, develop, renovate, rebuild, reform and update the said plan. Payback to the investor will be through the investor's sharing in a determined portion of the project productions outcome. Since after a determined period, the accessories and individual assets are considered the property of the task master, the three former types of the contracts are more accepted and more used among task masters. Some of the qualifications of the finance are as below:
. Low rate and long-term pay back . Short-term selling of productions with interest . Repay rate of the investment less than the rate of loan interest . Risk assessment By using different financial methods, provisions for domestic and foreign investments are provided. By utilizing foreign investment resources, domestic economic growth can also be facilitated.
Scope of Works The finance SBU has provided needed basis to support and share equipment and provisions for sources in addition to technical, engineering and management services for projects. The following capacities have distinguished SUNIR in performing B.O.T., B.O.O., B.O.O.T., B.L.T., and other projects.
The finance SBU is able to offer the following services:
• Acquiring facilities in the form of buyer's credit
• Acquiring facilities in the form of seller's credit
• Acquiring facilities in the form of credit lines
• LC discounting
• Offering exchange services in the form of hedging the risk of changing foreign exchange rate
• Acquiring export insurances to hedge commercial-political risks (buyer)
• Opening LCs and consulting about the type and quality of the credit
• Performing investment projects in the form of B.O.T., B.O.O., etc.
• Acquiring credit facilities on the project (LC contract) in the form of imported LCs and cash facilities.
• Evaluating buyer’s credit
• Determining the credit line available in target markets (short-term, medium-term, long-term)
• Obtaining the necessary agreement to finance
• Financing with the help of buyer’s domestic sources
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Civil & Industrial
Civil works, construction, establish factories, house building, industrial projects, roads and others.
Scope of services: Civil Works Construction Establish Factories Industrial Projects
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EQUIPMENT TRADING SBU
One of main requirements in Power Plants, Power Grids and Water Networks is to supply relevant equipment. Hence Equipment Trading SBU of Sunir Company has to follow the customers’ requirements all around the world and find the best supplier who meets the needed specifications with the lowest price.
The nature of our activities and responsibilities in Equipment Trading SBU makes us to have a very rich vendor list which is being updated continually.
Needs for electrical and water equipment
Since our mission is supplying the equipment and not performing the entire project, Equipment Trading SBU will be in charge and will contact the appropriate manufactures. SUNIR Equipment Trading SBU can also assist other SBUs when they are engaged in a turn-key project where the procurement should be a part of the job.
Power Services Acquiring the offer from the best suppliers:
The first step of our task is to contact the company who manufactures the required equipment. This vendor must satisfy the Technical Specifications, Target Price, shortest Delivery Time, Reference List and Quality Certificates. On the other hand the manufacturers have their own conditions and limitations. So this SBU is prepared to match both sides together and handle all technical and commercial queries. Execution:
If all of efforts end to a supply contract, we will do all needed follow-ups for performing the contract. It means this SBU will instruct the supplier how to follow the contractual terms and timings. This task will be continued until releasing all guarantees i.e. the final acceptance by the client. This task requires a good commercial knowledge including contractual, transportation, banking, customs, etc. Scope of Supply Our scope of supplies is including, but not limited to the following items: Power Generation, Transmission & Distribution Equipment:
1. LV & MV Switch Boards (Distribution, Control & Protection)
2. Power Transformers (Step-up, Auxiliary, Distribution, Earthing)
3. Compact Substations
4. Circuit Breakers (ACB/MCCB/MCB)
5. Earthing Switches
6. Disconnectors / Isolating Switches
7. Cut-out Fuse
8. Line Trap
9. Lightning Arrester & Surge Arrester
10. Measurement Transformers (CT & PT)
11. Overhead Line Conductors, Shield Wires & OPGW
12. Cables (Power & Control) and Cabling Accessories (Sealing End)